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How Technology Could Help Address Water Shortage In Nigeria

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The most un-complained about problem in Nigeria is arguably the water shortage. Apart from rural areas, a metropolitan city like Lagos still has water issues.


Just like electricity, water supply by the Nigerian Water Corporation seizes for days, leaving residents scrambling for water. This is Lagos, a metropolitan city in Africa. A lot of residents have resorted to privately generating their own borehole water supply.


Water scarcity is a global issue. In the world, about 700 million people do not have access to clean water. In the next 10 years, the number might increase to 1.8 billion people.


The United Nations have predicted that, by 2025, 1.8 billion people will live with “absolute water scarcity.” The sixth Sustainable Development Goal projected by the organisation for the world by 2030 is the availability of clean water and sanitation.


There is 50 times more saltwater than fresh water on earth. However, a viable way to solve the problem of water shortage could be desalination technology.



How desalination works

The largest seawater desalination plant in the world is in the outskirts of Tel Aviv in Israel. It is the source of water to about 20 per cent of the country’s nearly nine million population.


According to future projections, about 50 per cent of Israel’s water will come from desalination. The current technology uses reverse osmosis and new types of membrane technology to enhance energy efficiency.


There are some viable solutions to water shortage. Construction of reservoirs to collect rainwater and recycle it. We can also reuse and recycle industrially and commercially used water on a large scale. Desalination is a very viable solution that technology has now provided for water shortage.


It is important to think about sustainability for the future generation too. Earlier in the year, Bill Gates had drunk water distilled from faeces. This was in a bid to promote innovative technology that could potentially generate water for millions.


How the Omni-Processor works

The Omni-Processor is expected to be one of the solutions to sanitation and water problems. The technology created by Janicki Bioenergy involves the boiling of sewage water. The water vapour from it is then put in a processor that cleanses it and proceeds to produce clean and safe, drinkable water.


The left off materials are then burned to create steam that can turn into machine power-able electricity. This will not only generate clean water but electricity as well. Local communities around the world can benefit largely from this. The best part about this is that it will also provide clean and safe disposal of human waste.

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