Discovering your skin type takes you a long way from making random guesses to actually knowing what works for you. Skin care involves a lot of dedication to a specific routine. When your routine is targeted at your right skin type, it makes the process of getting healthier skin fun.
It can get upsetting when you watch those skin care Vloggers post videos of how they use cocktails of products. You buy the same and end up with a face full of acne, irritation or breakouts. What they don’t tell you is that their products work for them because of the kind of skin they have.
You can easily buy specific products instead of buying anything off the counter. Also, you can treat skin problems when you know what works for you. There’s a simple skin type test you can take to be certain you’re on the right track.
The difference between one flawless natural glowing skin and one with lots of acne in spite of the multitudes of products is in knowledge. Knowing your skin type helps you cater to its needs. This is why you need to stop guessing and start knowing.
The major skin care types include oily, dry, normal and combination skin. Which one are you? Some people can switch from oily to dry, and then to sensitive. The switch from one to the other is normal and often happens based on the weather. Women also tend to switch because of their changing hormones.
The face and body can also have different skin types. While you’re oily on your face, parts of your body — like your arm — can be dry. This is why you need to know what skin care routine works for different skin types. Find out which skin type you have and how to care for your skin.
This type is neither too dry or too oily. Here are some characteristics of normal skin:
- No breakouts
- No severe sensitivity
- Few imperfections, if any
- Radiant complexion
- No need to blot oil from face
- Firm skin
- Minimal fine lines and wrinkles
- Barely visible pores
This is the most desired skin type as it can tolerate any skin care and beauty product. However, avoid products that make your skin feel overly greasy or cause excessive dryness. You can use a gentle product that your skin would love. Find a balance.
Oily skin is caused by glands that overproduce sebum that eaves oil on the surface of your skin. Sebum is an oily substance created to help keep the skin soft and hydrated. Oily skin can, unfortunately, get worse in times of stress, hormonal imbalance or heat. Luckily, there are precautions you can take. First, you need to know if you do have oily skin or combination skin. Here are the signs:
You may have:
- Enlarged pores
- Constant glowing or oily skin
- Dull or shiny, thick complexion
- Short-term makeup lifespan (You need to keep blotting oil or reapplying powder)
- Blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or other blemishes
- Fewer wrinkles
Ensure you buy only water-based or oil-free products to combat your oily skin type. Also, don’t over-wash your face because drying out your pores will only cause them to produce more oil. You should exfoliate lightly so the dead skin cells don’t become trapped in the pores and lead to acne blemishes. A product you can use is one that contains salicylic acid. Wash it no more than twice a day and after you sweat a lot. Also, use a gentle cleanser and avoid picking or popping your pimples. They’ll take longer to heal.
Dry or dehydrated skin
It is easy to know dry skin because of how tight the skin feels. Other signs are:
- Almost invisible pores
- Dull, rough complexion
- Red patches
- Scaly, itching or flaking skin
- Your skin is less elastic
- Visible lines and wrinkles
- Slight allergic reactions
Seal moisture in your face by applying rich moisturiser several times each day, especially after washing your hands or bathing. Also, keep the air in your house moist and warm, and avoid the use of harsh soap or products that have lots of fragrance. Use only water-based products because oil-based products can make your skin condition worse. Drink enough water to seal the deal.
A combination skin type is a blend of the oily and dry skin, and this is usually a tricky one. If your T-zone is oily and your cheek remains dry, then you fall under this category. The signs are:
- Pores that look larger than normal, because they’re more open
- Shiny skin in certain areas
Stay away from the same ingredients as oily and dry skin, such as alcohol-based products, and find a balance. You may have to use products on certain areas of your skin rather than your entire face. If your T-zone tends to be oily, try an astringent on those areas only after you’ve washed your face. For your dry zone, it’s okay to use a heavier facial moisturiser as needed. Also, make sure to exfoliate twice weekly using a facial scrub to remove any dead skin cells.