It’s December, and the dry season here. It is important to know there are common ailments that come with December’s dry weather. That way, you can protect yourself from them.
Here are some ailments that occur this period and ways to treat them.
1. Dry cough
This is a cough with no mucus. A dry cough is irritating and usually associated with a tickly throat. Dry coughs are often caused by viral illnesses such as colds and flu, but they can also be caused by allergies or throat irritants.
Simple ways to treat a dry cough include:
- Stay hydrated. Drink lots of water.
- Inhale steam. Take a hot shower. You can also boil water and pour into a bowl, face the bowl (stay at least 1 foot away), place a towel over the back of your head to form a tent and inhale. Stop at any time if you feel uncomfortable. Note: Do not do this if the cough is due to asthma, as steam may make symptoms worse.
- Cough drops can soothe an irritated throat. However, do not use in young children.
- Use an extra pillow to elevate your head at night.
2. Flu and the common cold
The symptoms of the flu can include fever or chills, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches and fatigue (tiredness). Cold symptoms are usually milder than the symptoms of flu. People with a cold are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose.
Below are simple tips to treat flu and the common cold:
- Ensure you take lots of fruits and vegetables with Vitamin C to help boost your immunity and protect you from the infection.
- The weather can be cold during harmattan, so it is very important to wear appropriate clothing to keep you warm and keep the cold out.
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3. Muscle aches
The flu, the common cold, and other viral or bacterial infections can cause body aches. When such infections occur, the immune system sends white blood cells to fight off the infection. This can result in inflammation, which can leave the muscles in the body feeling achy and stiff.
Below are some measures you can take to relieve muscle aches:
- Rest the area of the body where you’re experiencing aches and pains.
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen.
- Apply ice to the affected area to help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Ensure you make a conscious effort to protect yourself from these common ailments this December. You want to be healthy and active for the holiday.
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