Electric Cars Nanotechnology Battery: Electric cars and their batteries are not relatively new anymore, they have been around for almost 15 years and counting. Nanotechnology is expected to increase the efficiency of energy consumption and clean the environment.
Electric cars are a response to the negative effects of fossil-fuel cars, especially the rising carbon footprint and other environmental challenges. Electric cars are way more efficient than internal combustion engines as they have fewer moving parts that need repair.
There is less noise, as there is an absence of gears, exhaust pipes, and clutches on the vehicle. Electric vehicles(EVs) can be grouped into Plug-in-Hybrid Electric vehicles (PHEVs) and All-Electric Vehicles (AEVs). PHEVs have ab electric grid while AEVs have one or more electric motors, they charge by plugging into the grid.
The usage of electric vehicles is more eco-friendly since it has an absence of pollution and almost any dependence on oil that is required to start combustion engines. The most difficult thing about building electric cars is their batteries.
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These batteries are very costly and have a short charging life. Batteries for electric cars are available in nickel-metal hydride or lithium-ion technologies. Although the lithium variants are more efficient and less hazardous.
Electric car’s battery sizes affect their mileage, also their recharging time affects their use for longer trips. These batteries can be improved by Nanotechnology, Lithium batteries can be improved by using nanoparticles and nanocomposite materials as reported by Dr Inderpreet Kaur.
Battery performance in sections of energy efficiency, life cycle, weight reduction could be improved by using polymer nanocomposites, nano-enhanced sensors, and nanostructured metals.
Tesla, the leading electric car company has announced new improvements to its battery technology this year during its battery day event. Further research should be aimed at using nanomaterials to improve battery efficiency; and its commercialization in order to make nanotechnology materials readily available for sale.
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