3rd June is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 211 days remain until the end of the year. Today also marks World Bicycle Day. Find out some events that occurred on this day, 3rd June, in history.
350 — Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
1098 — After a five-month siege in First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch (now in modernTurkey).
1140 — French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
1620 — Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
1748 — Amsterdam establishes municipal postal service.
1752 — Moscow houses and churches destroyed by fire.
1770 — Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in California.
1784 — The US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation.
1789 — Explorer Alexander Mackenzie sets out on his first expedition to the Pacific from Fort Chipewyan (finds the Arctic Ocean instead).
1818 — Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends.
1838 — The Fire and Fury of Jonathan Martin. Jonathan Martin was a religious extremist who described the clergy as ‘vipers from hell’ and tried to burn down one of England’s most treasured cathedrals.
1851 — The first baseball uniforms worn, NY Knickerbockers wear a straw hat, white shirt and blue long trousers.
1856 — Cullen Whipple patents a machine for making screws.
1860 — Comanche, Iowa, completely destroyed by one of a series of tornadoes.
1871 — Outlaw Jesse James and his gang rob Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000.
1876 — Lacrosse introduced in Britain and Canada.
1884 — John Lynch (R-MS) chosen first black major-party national convention chair.
1886 — 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda.
1889 — The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
3rd June in the 20th Century
1913 — Dutch first Chamber accepts Health laws.
1919 — Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago), first insurance company organised by African Americans formed
1943 — United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms.
1944 — Nazis pull out of Rome.
1946 — The first bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris).
1948 — The musical “Sleepy Hollow” opens at St James Theater NYC for 12 performances.
1948 — 200″ (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory.
1949 — The first African American to graduate from the US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown).
1949 — Dragnet is the first broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles).
1956 — 3rd class travel on British Railways ends.
1959 — Singapore adopts a constitution.
1962 — Air France Boeing 707 crashes on takeoff from Paris, kills 130.
1964 — Beatles drummer Ringo Starr collapses from tonsillitis and pharyngitis.
1964 — Rolling Stones begin first US tour (with Bobby Goldsboro and Bobby Vee).
1967 — Soul singer Aretha Franklin’s “Respect” reaches #1.
1968 — Canada announces it will replace silver with nickel in coins.
1968 — Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist, author of SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times. She was later diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and pleaded guilty to “reckless assault with intent to harm”, serving a three-year sentence.
1969 — Last episode of Star Trek airs on NBC (Turnabout Intruder).
1970 — The first artificial gene synthesises.
1970 — Ray Davies of The Kinks travels round trip NY-London to change 1 word in “Lola,” (Coca-Cola to Cherry Cola) because of BBC commercial reference ban.
1976 — Queen’s “Bohemian Rhapsody” goes gold.
1976 — The US presented with the oldest known copy of Magna Carta.
1981 — Pope John Paul II released from hospital after an assassination attempt.
1990 — 3rd Children’s Miracle Network Telethon raises $894,560.
1992 — Joan Lunden ordered to pay her ex-husband $18,000 a month support.
1992 — World’s largest environmental summit opens in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1993 — 66th National Spelling Bee: Geoff Hooper wins spelling kamikaze.
1995 — The first Blockbuster Entertainment Awards held at Pantages Theatre, Hollywood.
1998 — Eschede train disaster: an ICE high-speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths.
3rd June in the 21st Century
2001 — 55th Tony Awards: “The Producers” and “Proof” win.
2001 — Iraq announces that it will halt crude oil exports in response to the UN’s resolution that extends the oil-for-food program by only 1 month, instead of the normal 6-month period.
2003 — Danielle Steel’s novel “Sunset in St. Tropez” is published.
2005 — ‘The Knight of Sainte-Hermine’ by Alexandre Dumas is published in France by Editions Phébus, completed by Claude Schopp, 135 years after the author’s death.
2006 — The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.
2013 — Lorde releases her debut single “Royals” (2014 Grammy Song of the Year).
2014 — Hashim Amla becomes the first non-white captain of the South African national cricket team.
2014 — President Obama announces his plan for a $1 billion fund to increase deployment of US troops to Europe.
2015 — 200 people are killed by an explosion at a gasoline station in Accra, Ghana.
2015 — Dr Jesse Selber performs the world’s first partial-skull and scalp transplant at Houston Methodist Hospital.
2016 — A week of heavy rains in Germany and France leave 10 dead and closing Paris museums along the Seine, including the Louvre.
2017 — Terrorist attack in Borough Market, London by three men who drive a van into pedestrians then stab and kill 7 and wound 48. Attackers shot dead by British police.
2017 — The Amazing World of Dr Seuss Museum opens in Springfield, Massachusetts.
2017 — Largest-ever exhibition of works by Piet Mondrian opens at the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague, Netherlands. It marks the centenary of the De Stijl movement.
2017 — UEFA Champions League Final, Cardiff: Ronaldo scores twice as defending champions Real Madrid thrash Juventus, 4-1 for the 12th title; Juventus loses the fifth consecutive final.
2018 — Guatemala’s Fuego volcano erupts. It kills at least 110, with 332 missing, and forces the evacuation of over 3,100.
2018 — Boat capsizes off eastern Tunisia drowning at least 48 migrants.
2018 — Dead whale found with 17 pounds (80 pieces) of plastic in its stomach in Songkhla province, Thailand.