22nd May is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 223 days remain until the end of the year. Today also marks the International Day for Biological Diversity and the World Goth Day. Find out some important events that occurred on this day, 22nd May, in history.
334 BC — The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.
760 — 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
1176 — Murder attempt by “Assassins” on the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin near Aleppo.
1200 — Treaty of Le Goulet signed between France and England.
1370 — Jews are expelled and massacred in Brussels, Belgium.
1377 — Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
1570 — The first atlas ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum’ (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps.
1761 — The first life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia.
1762 — Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years War.
1784 — Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy.
1799 — French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte makes a statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews.
22nd May in the 19th Century
1803 — The first US public library opens in Connecticut.
1807 — Townsend Speakman first sells fruit-flavoured carbonated drinks in Philadelphia.
1819 — The first steam-propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga).
1840 — The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony abolished.
1843 — The first wagon train with 700-1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon.
1849 — Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions.
1858 — Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms.
1859 – The creator of “Sherlock Holmes,” Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born.
1868 — Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000.
1882 – The US formally recognises Korea.
1891 – The first public motion picture was given in Thomas Edison’s lab.
1892 – Dr Washington Sheffield invented the toothpaste tube.
1897 — The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames officially opens.
22nd May in the 19th Century
1900 – A. DeVilbiss Jr patents his pendulum-type computing scale.
1900 – Edwin S. Votey received a patent for the pianola (a pneumatic piano player). It could be attached to any piano.
1900 — The Associated Press organises in NYC as a non-profit news cooperative.
1906 — 10th-anniversary Olympic games close in Athens, Greece.
1906 — Wright Brothers receive a patent for their “flying machine,” having applied for one 3 years earlier (patent no. 821,393).
1919 — Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites.
1931 — Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida.
1933 — First modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster by Aldie and John Mackay saw “something resembling a whale”.
1933 — World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated.
1936 — Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
1939 – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a military alliance between Germany and Italy known as the “Pact of Steel.”
1940 — UK Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to decide with General Maxime Weygand a strategy to save the city.
1942 — The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, forms.
1943 — RAF scatters the first copies of “The Flying Hollander”.
1946 — First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach the edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico.
1947 — The first US ballistic missile fired.
1954 — Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed.
1955 — The oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes sixth.
1957 — South Africa’s government approves race separation in universities.
1959 — Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes the first black major general in US Air Force.
More 22nd May dates
1961 — First revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens.
1962 — The Netherlands telephone network becomes completely automated.
1966 — 18th Emmy Awards: “The Fugitive”, D**k Van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore win.
1969 — Stafford and Cernan pilot Apollo 10 LEM 9.4 mi(15km) above lunar surface.
1970 — Arab terrorists kill nine children and three adults on a school bus.
1970 — France performs a nuclear test at Mururoa Atoll.
1972 — Ceylon becomes the Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified.
1972 — Ton Sijbrands becomes world checkers champion.
1973 — President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up.
1974 — Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly and dies 14 months later.
1974 — Soccer team Veendam forms.
1976 — NASA launches space vehicle S-179.
1977 — Final European scheduled run of the Orient Express (after 94 years).
1981 — Soyuz 40 returns to Earth.
1985 — “A View to a Kill”, 14th James Bond film, last to star Roger Moore, also starring Grace Jones and Christopher Walken, premieres in San Francisco.
1986 — Goddess of Pop Cher calls comedian and television host David Letterman an asshole on Late Night on NBC.
1990 — Microsoft releases Windows 3.0.
1990 — North and South Yemen merge to form the Republic of Yemen.
1991 — Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South Korea.
1992 — California Angels, are involved in a bus crash, in New Jersey.
1992 — India launches its Agni rocket.
1998 — Lewinsky scandal: a federal judge rules that the United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton and White House Intern Monica Lewinsky.
22nd May in the 21st Century
2005 — 58th Cannes Film Festival: “The Child” directed by Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne wins the Palme d’Or.
2006 — Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.
2010 — Polish astronomer and mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus’ remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland after a 200-year search for his tomb.
2011 — 19th Billboard Music Awards: rapper Eminem, Recovery win.
2011 — 57th British Academy Television Awards: “Harry and Paul” Best Comedy, “Sherlock” Best Drama.
2012 — Philip Philips crowned the eleventh American Idol.
2015 — Ireland becomes the first country in the world to legalise same-s*x marriage by popular vote.
2015 — Netflix announces that twin actresses Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen will not appear on “Full House” revival
2016 — 69th Cannes Film Festival: “I, Daniel Blake,” directed by Ken Loach wins the Palme d’Or.
2016 — TV series “Preacher”, developed by Evan Goldberg, Sam Catlin and Seth Rogen, premieres on AMC.
2017 — Japanese researchers from the University of Yamanashi report birth of mice from freeze-dried sperm stored on the International Space Station.
More 22nd May dates
2017 — South Africa’s Western Cape province declares a drought disaster. It is the worst drought for 113 years.
2017 — A suicide bombing at Manchester Arena, England, after singer Ariana Grande’s concert. It kills 22 and injures 59.
2018 — Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg questioned by members of the European Parliament in Brussels in wake of its security scandal.
2018 — Australian court finds Archbishop of Adelaide Philip Wilson guilty of covering up s****l abuse in the 1970s. He is the most senior Catholic priest that faces this conviction.
2018 — Outbreak of Nipah virus confirmed to have killed 10 including a nurse in Kozhikode, India.
2018 — Stacey Abrams is the first black woman to be nominated as US state governor. She wins for Georgia.
2018 — New York Stock Exchange announces Stacey Cunningham will be its first woman head in its 226-year history.